As anyone who works with spiritual or energetic healing will tell you, there are as many if not more kinds of spiritual healing in the world as there are spiritual paths to walk. Christian Mystics, for example, offer their own kind of spiritual or energetic healing, as do the Kabbalist, the Sufis and many others. There are also non faith-based spiritual healing practices which do no require commitment to or familiarity with any particular spiritual path, religion or practice. There are, for example, Reiki Masters, Chakra Balancers, Polarity Workers, Psychics, Angel Channelers, and folks who would say they simply "move energy."
Generally speaking, any spiritual or energetic "healer" who works with clients is going to be concerned with "clearing" any blocks or places of "holding" in the body/mind/spirit of the client that are causing externally manifesting problems in the life of the client. The ways each healer will endeavor to do so will vary depending on their particular path, beliefs, training and personal experience.
I have a Master's in Spiritual Healing from The University of Spiritual Healing and Sufism (sufiuniversity.org), and will therefore attempt to address the question from a Sufi Perspective. I am a student of Sufism, I do Sufi practices, and I give Healings in the Sufi Way. Simultaneously, I remain an avid supporter of and believer in the value of a wide range of other modalities and practices. Sufis are notoriously concerned with Unity, and as such, are inherently inclined to support the beliefs and practices of others as long as those practices do not cause harm or work in direct opposition to the spiritual teachings of their particular Sheikh(s) or Teacher(s).
From the Sufi perspective, "spiritual healing" is an attempt to "clear the veils" or "pictures" that sit on the hearts of individuals, causing them to experience separation from The Divine, themselves, and one another. Spiritual Healing, for a Sufi, is a process of "purifying the nafs," or the ego. The sufis do not believe in entirely eradicating the ego like the Buddhists might. Rather, they are interested in cleaning, washing or purifying it with the light of the divine.
In a Sufi healing of the kind with which I am most familiar, the client would sit opposite the healer, in an upright position with his/her feet on the ground. The healer would then open the session with one (or several) prayer(s) to the Divine with the intention of opening both her own heart and the heart of her client, deepening the state of "witnessing" of the divine on the part of both parties, and connecting their souls and hearts together.
Once the client and healer are more deeply connected and are more present to the subtler levels of reality, the healer might proceed in a number of ways. She might ask a series of questions designed to get to the root of the manifesting problem, and then begin to "bring light" to the place where the client's being is holding the root belief or veil or picture. Alternately, she might simply as the client to "feel into" what might be presently happening in his/her heart, mind or body. She would then bring light to whatever was emerging for the client.
Some Sufi healers would ask their clients to take their consciousness or attention directly into the center of the uncomfortable feeling or picture. Others would ask their clients to go "behind" the image or feeling. Still others would have them release the feeling or picture entirely and to simply trust that the Divine would clear it once the intention to do so was stated, and the light was brought in to the affected area.
A question that might seem obvious and primary at this point is "How does the healer 'bring' the Light of the Divine 'to' the healee?" The simplest answer would be the following: "Through prayer and intention." Once the client's central issue is revealed, the healer would then begin to recite prayers (usually in Arabic as the three holy languages, Hebrew, Arabic, and Aramaic carry very strong healing light) while holding the intention for healing for that individual around their specifically stated issue. Some healers are visual. They see the issue, they see where the light needs to go, and they track it's movement through their spiritual "sight."
Others are more kinesthetic. They feel the client's issue in their own body, they feel which prayers are called for, and they witness the movement of light through their own felt senses. Other healers "hear" guidance while still others receive "Tajali" or "divine insights." Most healers carry some combination of all of those gifts.
Suffice it to say, spiritual healing in the Sufi way requires that the healer be deeply connected with the Divine, that the healer believe in the power of the Light of God, and that he/she be willing to remain open to being a strong vessel for it's movement. it is also helpful, of course, for healers to carry high levels of compassion for the trials and tribulations of human beings on the earth. Compassion is one of the keys to a healer's ability to open the door's of the client's heart.
Often times, clients are coming to spiritual healers because they have "tried everything else" and not found the relief or peace or ease that they are seeking. The healer's compassion will be the first important energetic experience the client has with her, and can very deeply support the efficacy of the healing.
The subtler answer to the question "How does the healer bring the light to the healee?" will be discussed in later articles where there is greater room for the specificity and elaboration that is necessary to illuminate such a complex and profound process.